The United Nations System High Level Task Force on the Global Food Security Crisis (HLTF) was established in April 2008. It developed the first Comprehensive Framework for Action (CFA) in July 2008 when the world was being rocked by spiralling food prices that led to increased hunger, social tension and distress for millions of poor households. The CFA was designed to encourage concerted responses to the food price crisis with actions that respond to the immediate needs of vulnerable populations and contribute to longer-term resilience (the twin track approach). Following the release of the CFA there was increasing consensus on the policies and investments needed for sustained improvement in food and nutrition security along the lines of the CFA outcomes. The two tracks are still distinct, but they have evolved.